ScienceDaily

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2015-10-07 08:36:00Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015
  • 93257 'Power shift' needed to improve gender balance in energy research
    Women still face significant barriers in forging successful and influential careers in UK energy research, a new high-level report has revealed. [anonymous]
  • 93256 The challenges of North American specialty cut flowers
    Cut flower production in the United States and Canada has increased in recent years. Due to this resurgence, more information is needed regarding current production and postharvest issues. [anonymous]
  • 93255 No direct link between North Atlantic currents, sea level along New England coast
    A new study clarifies what influence major currents in the North Atlantic have on sea level along the northeastern United States. [anonymous]
  • 93254 Small cluster of neurons is off-on switch for mouse songs
    Researchers have isolated a cluster of neurons in a mouse's brain that are crucial to making the squeaky, ultrasonic 'songs' a male mouse produces when courting a potential mate. [anonymous]
  • 93253 What drives Yellowstone's massive elk migrations?
    Yellowstone's migratory elk rely primarily on environmental cues, including a retreating snowline and the greening grasses of spring, to decide when to make the treks between their winter ranges and summer ranges, researchers show. Their study combined GPS tracking data from more than 400 anima... [anonymous]
  • 93252 Using waves to move droplets
    Using a technique called mechanowetting, researchers have come up with a way of transporting droplets by using transverse surface waves. [anonymous]
  • 93251 Electron (or 'hole') pairs may survive effort to kill superconductivity
    The emergence of unusual metallic state supports the role of 'charge stripes' in the formation of charge-carrier pairs essential to resistance-free flow of electrical current. [anonymous]
  • 93250 Satellite observations improve earthquake monitoring, response
    Researchers report data gathered by orbiting satellites can yield more information about destructive earthquakes and can improve aid and humanitarian response efforts. The researchers looked at satellite data from several recent, large-magnitude earthquakes. [anonymous]
  • 93249 A shady spot may protect species against rapid climate warming
    A shady refuge on a hot day could be more than a simple comfort in a warming world. Finding a cooler spot might save several species that would otherwise go extinct due to global warming, according to a new analysis. [anonymous]
  • 93248 Beyond Queen's stomp-stomp-clap: Concerts and computer science converge in new research
    New research suggests how to get large numbers of people engaged in participating during a live performance like a concert -- or a lecture -- and channel that energy for a sustained time period. [anonymous]
  • 93247 Better prognosticating for dogs with mammary tumors
    For dogs with mammary tumors, deciding a course of treatment can depend on a variety of factors, some of which may seem to contradict one another. With a new, practical system developed by veterinarians, determining a prognosis and making treatment decisions should be an easier task. [anonymous]
  • 93246 Discovery could lead to improved therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    Researchers found that the protein sarcospan can play a major role in combating heart failure in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. [anonymous]
  • 93245 Scientists develop 'mini-brain' model of human prion disease
    Scientists have used human skin cells to create what they believe is the first cerebral organoid system, or 'mini-brain,' for studying sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). CJD is a fatal neurodegenerative brain disease of humans believed to be caused by infectious prion protein. The res... [anonymous]
  • 93244 No evidence for increased egg predation in the Arctic
    Climate and ecosystems are changing, but predation on shorebird nests has changed little across the globe over the past 60 years, finds an international team of 60 researchers. The study published in Science on 14 June 2019 challenges a recent claim that shorebird eggs are more often eaten by predat... [anonymous]
  • 93243 Phantom sensations: When the sense of touch deceives
    Without being aware of it, people sometimes wrongly perceive tactile sensations. A new study shows how healthy people can sometimes mis-attribute touch to the wrong side of their body, or even to a completely wrong part of the body. [anonymous]
  • 93242 Researchers find genes that could help create more resilient chickens
    Scientists have identified genes that may help farmers, especially ones in low- and middle-income countries, breed chickens that can resist one of the biggest disease threats facing poultry today. [anonymous]
  • 93241 Language-savvy parents improve their children's reading development, study shows
    Parents with higher reading-related knowledge are not only more likely to have children with higher reading scores but are also more attentive when those children read out loud to them. [anonymous]
  • 93240 Virus genes help determine if pea aphids get their wings
    Researchers shed light on the important role that microbial genes, like those from viruses, can play in insect and animal evolution. [anonymous]
  • 93239 Artificial nose identifies malignant tissue in brain tumours during surgery
    An artificial nose developed in Finland helps neurosurgeons to identify cancerous tissue during surgery and enables the more precise excision of tumors. [anonymous]
  • 93238 Researchers take two steps toward green fuel
    Researchers have developed a two-step method to more efficiently break down carbohydrates into their single sugar components, a critical process in producing green fuel. [anonymous]
  • 93237 Immortal quantum particles
    Decay is relentless in the macroscopic world: broken objects do not fit themselves back together again. However, other laws are valid in the quantum world: new research shows that so-called quasiparticles can decay and reorganize themselves again and are thus become virtually immortal. These are goo... [anonymous]
  • 93236 Translating university lectures in multiple languages
    Researchers report a new machine translation system that outputs subtitles in multiple languages for archived university lectures. As countries like China and Japan expand their international student cohort, this system could relax language demands and allow the students to study in their mother ton... [anonymous]
  • 93235 Vagus nerve stimulation study shows significant reduction in rheumatoid arthritis symptoms
    The results of a pilot study suggest that electro stimulation of one of the nerves connecting the brain to the body (the vagus nerve), could provide a novel treatment approach for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. [anonymous]
  • 93234 A rapid, easy-to-use DNA amplification method at 37°C
    Scientists have developed a way of amplifying DNA on a scale suitable for use in the emerging fields of DNA-based computing and molecular robotics. By enabling highly sensitive nucleic acid detection, their method could improve disease diagnostics and accelerate the development of biosensors, for ex... [anonymous]
  • 93233 Exciting plant vacuoles
    Researchers have filled two knowledge gaps: The vacuoles of plant cells can be excited and the TPC1 ion channel is involved in this process. The function of this channel, which is also found in humans, has been a mystery so far. [anonymous]
  • 93232 It's not easy being green
    Despite how essential plants are for life on Earth, little is known about how parts of plant cells orchestrate growth and greening. By creating mutant plants, researchers have uncovered a cellular communication pathway sought by scientists for decades. [anonymous]
  • 93231 Excess weight and body fat cause cardiovascular disease
    In the first Mendelian randomization study to look at this, researchers have found evidence that excess weight and body fat cause a range of heart and blood vessel diseases, rather than just being associated with it. [anonymous]
  • 93230 'Hidden' phases of matter revealed through the power of light
    New chemistry research demonstrates how 'hidden' phases of matter can be activated by extremely fast pulses of light. This fundamental scientific breakthrough paves the way for creating materials that can be imbued with new properties, such as conducting electricity or making it magnetic. [anonymous]
  • 93229 Discovery of new genetic causes of male infertility
    The man is implicated in about half of all cases of infertility. Despite the known importance of genetic factors in the non-production of sperm, only about 25% of these cases can be explained currently. Now a study has uncovered new potential genetic causes, and this discovery will help to develop b... [anonymous]
  • 93228 Materials informatics reveals new class of super-hard alloys
    A new method of discovering materials using data analytics and electron microscopy has found a new class of extremely hard alloys. Such materials could potentially withstand severe impact from projectiles, providing better protection for soldiers in combat. [anonymous]